Toys piled on shelves in children’s rooms, multicolored attractions with different textures, sizes and applications. Games, puzzles, robots, ovens, blocks, dolls and controlled cars – to choose from. All these components are associated with the activity loved by children – a play that develops them at this stage in a perfect and irreplaceable way. Proper psychomotor development of the child is associated with the correct selection of toys for him. Are we suggesting this conviction by reaching for the toy to the joy of our child?

An integral part of life of a child under 6 is mainly fun, during which he discovers the world. Play cannot be replaced by any other activity at this stage. It is as if inscribed in the carefree years of childhood. Through play children learn new skills, develop small and large motor skills, learn social roles and establish peer relationships. Play has a multidimensional effect on the child’s development, affects its physical development, supporting muscle development, manual fitness and coordination. On the level of social development, he teaches specific forms of behavior and roles, cooperation, sharing and friendship. In the end, the game ultimately influences the cognitive development of the child, which means that it provides knowledge about colors, shapes, textures and knowledge about the world.

Toys are a fun tool and define this activity, so it is worth considering their selection. Too many toys cause that the child cannot concentrate and use them properly in their activity. Excessive amount will also cause that the child will not enjoy the fun, which is the main activity for him. As the University of Toledo, Ohio, USA study shows, the excessive number of toys in a child’s room significantly weakens his concentration and attention. Scientists from Ohio invited children to two rooms to play, one of them had a dozen different toys, in the other there were none. Play activity of children differed significantly from each other, in the first room the games were very short-lived, they were shallow and there were conflicts. The children’s games in the room without toys were creative, based on cooperation and full commitment.

The first thing in choosing toys is their safety, in turn adjusting to the age of the child. It is worth it to affect all the senses of the child, with its color, shape and texture, but it did not bombard with sound, visual or tactile stimulation in a too intense way. Toy can affect the child’s motor development, the development of manual or artistic skills, depending on his or her destiny. An interesting proposition are construction toys that teach technical skills, assembly, disassembly, manipulation, which are invaluable in everyday life. The principle is less and more reliable when buying toys. Instead of buying ten small cars of poor quality, which in a few days will lose the chassis, buy one solid vehicle that will not only serve the child to play, but it will not break down in a short time. The child is a creator of ideas for their fun, toys to help him. If there are too many of them, the child’s fantasy will expire.

Most parents have certainly witnessed great ideas for children when we provide them with an ordinary cardboard carton that will generate millions of ideas with simplicity. After few minutes, a spaceship, a drinks shop, a dollhouse, or a fire engine can be built out of the ordinary gray box. And that’s it – let the kids create their toys, it’s a very creative and innovative experience that will not only provide a lot of fun, but will also result in a child’s creative, innovative thought in the future. Cosmetics boxes are an interesting material for construction, manual and plastic games. What’s more, they can be used in all of these ways and effectively develop creativity.

The child’s interests and preferences are one of the factors influencing the selection and purchase of toys. Especially if we are talking about older children. They, often manipulated by advertising, want to own a full collection of blocks, dolls or controlled cars. Developing your interests, caring your preferences and love for them is natural and it is worth using them wisely. A favorite character from a cartoon does not have to condition the purchase of a full range of toys with his image. This is a character that encourages the child to read, paint, build and move.

In order to refresh and dose joys of the toys held by a child, they can be periodically put down and replaced with those that have already been treated, remembering that there should be very few of them. This is a good solution, especially when a child receives some new toys on the occasion of a ceremony and automatically loses interest in the old ones. Do not do it against your child, if he knows that the toys are in a safe place and can return to them, he will accept the idea.

Toys are the greatest joy of childhood; we remember them, and we remember them for a long time. We choose them wisely and with care, not exaggerating with their quantity and not following fashion. Let us sometimes have fun together with the child, then we will find out which toys develop the most.And what toy do you remember from your childhood? Maybe it’s worth searching in the attic of mother or grandmother to get back to the memories together with the child.



Zabawy badawcze dzieci w przedszkolu, WN WSP Kraków 1992, ss.194.    Czaja-Chudyba, I. (2006). Pedagogika zabawy w osobowym i profesjonalnym przygotowaniu do zawodu nauczyciela. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Naukowe AP. ISBN 8-7271-381-2.